사)제주야생동물연구센터 Jeju Wildlife Research Center
 
 


  Untitled Document

자유게시판 (Forum)


total : 1497, page : 9 / 100, connect : 0
미국 정부 발행: 미국 새의 현황 20092009/03/24
장용창

미국 정부가 공식 인정한 미국 새의 현황이라는 보고서가 발행되었답니다.
2년전 우리 단체 연차보고회에 다녀간 배리 선생님이 알려주었습니다.

전체 보고서를 아래 곳에서 다운받을 수 있습니다.
http://www.stateofthebirds.org/news-release

4메가가 넘어서 여기 올리지는 못하겠습니다.

미국에는 800종의 새가 있는데, 이 중 1/3이 멸종위기종, 혹은 심각한 개체수 감소에 해당하는 종이랍니다. 그래서 미국도 심각하답니다.

그런데 미국에서 습지복원 사업이 성공해서 복원한 습지들마다 새들이 돌아오고 있기 때문에 희망을 가질 만하다는 내용도 포함되어 있습니다.

새를 보호하기 위한 습지 복원 사업이 대한민국 정부의 공공사업이 될 날도 멀지 않은 것 같습니다. 우리 나라는 미국 정부 하는 일을 따라하니까. 혹시 아시는지 모르겠지만, 대구 근처에서 미군 주도로 습지복원사업을 이미 하고 있습니다.

1. 그러니 여러분도 습지 복원과 새들의 귀환이라는 분야에 관심을 쏟아 주시면 좋겠습니다.

2. "제주의 새에 관한 종합 보고서" 같은 것을 언제가 우리 단체가 발행할 수 있기를 바랍니다.



2009 News Release
March 19, 2009                                                             Key Findings Summary

Secretary Salazar Releases Study Showing Widespread Declines in Bird Populations, Highlights Role of Partnerships in Conservation


Washington, D.C. – Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today released the first ever comprehensive report on bird populations in the United States, showing that nearly a third of the nation’s 800 bird species are endangered, threatened or in significant decline due to habitat loss, invasive species, and other threats.

At the same time, the report highlights examples, including many species of waterfowl, where habitat restoration and conservation have reversed previous declines, offering hope that it is not too late to take action to save declining populations.

“Just as they were when Rachel Carson published Silent Spring nearly 50 years ago, birds today are a bellwether of the health of land, water and ecosystems,” Salazar said. “From shorebirds in New England to warblers in Michigan to songbirds in Hawaii, we are seeing disturbing downward population trends that should set off environmental alarm bells. We must work together now to ensure we never hear the deafening silence in our forests, fields and backyards that Rachel Carson warned us about.”

The report, The U.S. State of the Birds, synthesizes data from three long-running bird censuses conducted by thousands of citizen scientists and professional biologists.

In particular, it calls attention to the crisis in Hawaii, where more birds are in danger of extinction than anywhere else in the United States. In addition, the report indicates a 40 percent decline in grassland birds over the past 40 years, a 30 percent decline in birds of arid-lands, and high concern for many coastal shorebirds. Furthermore, 39 percent of species dependent on U.S. oceans have declined.

However, the report also reveals convincing evidence that birds can respond quickly and positively to conservation action. The data show dramatic increases in many wetland birds such as pelicans, herons, egrets, osprey, and ducks, a testament to numerous cooperative conservation partnerships that have resulted in protection, enhancement and management of more than 30 million wetland acres.

“These results emphasize that investment in wetlands conservation has paid huge dividends,” said Kenneth Rosenberg, director of Conservation Science at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. “Now we need to invest similarly in other neglected habitats where birds are undergoing the steepest declines.”

“Habitats such as those in Hawaii are on the verge of losing entire suites of unique bird species,” said Dr. David Pashley, American Bird Conservancy’s Vice President for Conservation Programs. “In addition to habitat loss, birds also face many other man-made threats such as pesticides, predation by cats, and collisions with windows, towers and buildings. By solving these challenges we can preserve a growing economic engine – the popular pastime of birdwatching that involves millions of Americans – and improve our quality of life.”

“While some bird species are holding their own, many once common species are declining sharply in population. Habitat availability and quality is the key to healthy, thriving bird populations,” said Dave Mehlman of The Nature Conservancy.

Surveys conducted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and U.S. Geological Survey, including the annual Breeding Bird Survey, combined with data gathered through volunteer citizen science program such as the National Audubon Society’s Christmas Bird Count, show once abundant birds such as the northern bobwhite and marbled murrelet are declining significantly. The possibility of extinction also remains a cold reality for many endangered birds.

“Citizen science plays a critical role in monitoring and understanding the threats to these birds and their habitats, and only citizen involvement can help address them,” said National Audubon Society’s Bird Conservation Director, Greg Butcher. “Conservation action can only make a real difference when concerned people support the kind of vital habitat restoration and protection measures this report explores.”

Birds are beautiful, as well as economically important and a priceless part of America's natural heritage. Birds are also highly sensitive to environmental pollution and climate change, making them critical indicators of the health of the environment on which we all depend.

The United States is home to a tremendous diversity of native birds, with more than 800 species inhabiting terrestrial, coastal, and ocean habitats, including Hawaii. Among these species, 67 are Federally-listed as endangered or threatened. In addition, more than 184 species are designated as species of conservation concern due to a small distribution, high-level of threats, or declining populations.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service coordinated creation of the new report as part of the U.S. North American Bird Conservation Initiative, which includes partners from American Bird Conservancy, the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Klamath Bird Observatory, National Audubon Society, The Nature Conservancy and the U.S. Geological Survey.

You can download the full report here (PDF)

Contacts:

Hugh Vickery (DOI), (202) 501-4633
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Alicia King, 703-358-2522/571-214-3117,  Alicia_F_King@fws.gov
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Vanessa Kauffman, 703-358-2138, Vanessa_kauffman@fws.gov
American Bird Conservancy: Steve Holmer, 202-234-7181, sholmer@abcbirds.org
Cornell Lab of Ornithology: Pat Leonard, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, 607-254-2137, pel27@cornell.edu
National Audubon Society: Nancy Severance, 212-979-3124, nseverance@audubon.org
The Nature Conservancy: Blythe Thomas, 703-841-8782, bthomas@tnc.org
Klamath Bird Observatory: Ashley Dayer, 541-324-0281, aad@klamathbird.org


Video and images for media use
Video: To view B-roll clips available for media coverage of The State of the Birds, contact Tammy Bishop at (607) 254-2198 or tlb26@cornell.edu. Use of footage will require a completed licensing agreement. Review the list of available clips.

Images: The images below are available for media use. Please email Pat Leonard at pel27@cornell.edu with your request and a large, high-resolution version will be sent.





덧글 개


1087

kang

 김예원학생 등업 1

2010/02/12

4803

1081

池南俊(Ji Nam Joon)

 신규가입시 유의사항

2010/01/19

4802

463

Kim Wan Byung

 희만님 고맙습니다. 1

2006/12/01

4791

971

김은미

 추석 잘 지내세요. 1

2009/10/01

4788

937

장용창

 휘파람새와 한국휘파람새의 아종들 2

2009/04/14

4783

1101

kang

 부처님오신날 마라도가실분을

2010/05/18

4781

101

kang

 비양도관련.. 3

2005/06/20

4777

927

장용창

 미국 정부 발행: 미국 새의 현황 2009

2009/03/24

4773

681

kang

 신재수님, 양경식님이 가입하셨습니다.... 1

2007/12/25

4771

769

장용창

 Korean Fairy Pitta researcher ...

2008/05/21

4770

287

장용창

 휘파람새의 이상한 소리

2006/03/19

4769

109

kang

 "급" 삼광조둥지.... 1

2005/06/30

4751

1080

池南俊(Ji Nam Joon)

 게시판안내 3

2010/01/15

4750

543

kang

 대만 잘 다녀 왔습니다...

2007/04/07

4732

639

홍수연

 습지 네트워크회의 참석지원 공모 결과 4

2007/10/11

4728
 [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8] 9 [10]..[100] 
Copyright 1999-2019 Zeroboard / skin by green

본 사이트의 이미지를 협의없이 무단으로 사용할 경우 민,형사상의 책임을 질 수도 있습니다. 저작물의 사용과 관련한 문의는 해당 저작물의 저작권자와 협의하시기 바랍니다.